@article{Manwaring1995, author="Max G. Manwaring", title="Peru's Sendero Luminoso: The Shining Path Beckons", year="1995", journal="The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science", volume="541", number="Sept.", pages="157-166", annote="

Question(s) addressed by the author and working arguments

Sendero Luminoso movement represents a militant, revolutionary commitment to a long-term and very disciplined approach to clean government, a sense of social purpose, and national tradition. Thus, it provides militant reformers, disillusioned revolutionaries, and submerged nomenklaturas all over the world with an orthodox and sophisticated Marxist-Leninist-Maoist model for the conduct and implementation of a successful “people’s war”. Until the Sendero Luminoso insurgency is seriously addressed at the strategic level, the causes and consequences of such insurgency will continue to threaten Peru and perhaps other parts of the hemisphere and the world.

Conceptual references to transnational – transnationalism

A security threat confronts the West from the world’s gray areas: regions where control is shifting to half-political, half-criminal transnational powers, such as Perú’s Sendero Luminoso (Shinning Path). As one consideration, it would be impossible to confine a successful “Indianist” revolutionary movement to the political boundaries of Peru.

Conclusions or Final Remarks

Sendero Luminoso is arguably the most inspiring thing taking place on the Left. The fourth historical stage of communism is becoming a beacon for all those who cannot accept the political and economic revisionism in the former Sovier Union, Eastern Europe, and China. Sendero slowly takes de facto control of more and more of the Peruvian national territory, destroys infrastructures, and quietly erodes national and international stability.

", keyword0="Latin America", keyword1="Legitimacy", keyword2="Peru", keyword3="Security", keyword4="Transnational Powers", type="journal" }